From Lorestan, Iran the new subspecies Anthocharis cardamines constibackii subsp. nov. is described. This subspecies can be distinguished from the morphological similar^, cardaminesphoe-nissa Kalchberg, 1895 by the stronger discoidal spot in both sexes and as well as in the reduced orange colour of the cfcf. Moreover the molecular biological investigations showed good differences to A. cardamines phoenissa Kalchberg and to all other subspecies of the A. cardamines-complex.